Selling a House in Probate in Maryland: A Guide

Selling a house in probate can be a complicated process, particularly if you are not familiar with the legal requirements in Maryland. In this guide, we will provide an overview of the probate process in Maryland and the steps you need to take to sell a house in probate.

What is Probate?

Probate is the legal process that occurs after a person dies. The purpose of probate is to distribute the assets of the deceased person's estate to their heirs. If the deceased person owned a house or other real estate, it must go through the probate process before it can be sold.

Steps to Sell a House in Probate in Maryland

Step 1: Petition for Probate

Before you can sell a house in probate, you must petition the Orphans' Court in the county where the deceased person lived to open a probate estate. This involves filing a petition and supporting documents, such as a death certificate, with the court.

Step 2: Appoint an Executor

The court will appoint an executor to administer the estate. The executor is responsible for paying off any debts owed by the estate, identifying and valuing assets, and distributing the assets to the heirs. If the deceased person left a will, the executor will be the person named in the will. If there is no will, the court will appoint an administrator.

Step 3: Obtain Letters of Administration

The executor must obtain Letters of Administration from the court before they can legally act on behalf of the estate. The Letters of Administration give the executor the authority to sell the house and other assets of the estate.

Step 4: Appraise the Property

The executor must have the property appraised to determine its fair market value. This is important because the property cannot be sold for less than its appraised value without the court's approval.

Step 5: List the Property for Sale

Once the property has been appraised, the executor can list it for sale with a real estate agent or sell it directly to a buyer. Any offers must be approved by the Orphans' Court before the sale can be finalized.

Step 6: Obtain Court Approval for the Sale

The executor must petition the Orphans' Court for approval of the sale. This involves submitting documentation, such as the appraisal report and the sale agreement, to the court. If the court approves the sale, the executor can proceed with the closing.

Step 7: Distribute Proceeds to Heirs

Once the sale is finalized, the executor must distribute the proceeds of the sale to the heirs of the estate according to the terms of the will or the laws of intestacy if there is no will.


Here are some frequently asked questions about selling a house in probate in Maryland:

Q: What is an Orphans' Court and what is its role in the probate process?

A: An Orphans' Court is a specialized court in Maryland that deals with probate matters, including the distribution of assets and the appointment of guardians for minors. Its role in the probate process is to oversee the administration of the estate, ensure that all legal requirements are met, and resolve any disputes that may arise. The court also approves the sale of property and the distribution of proceeds to the heirs of the estate.

Q: What happens if there are multiple heirs to the property?

A: If there are multiple heirs to the property, they will need to agree on the terms of the sale and how the proceeds will be divided. If they cannot come to an agreement, the Orphans' Court may need to intervene to resolve the dispute.

Q: Can I sell a house in probate without an attorney?

A: Technically, you can sell a house in probate without an attorney, but it is not recommended. The probate process can be complex, and there are many legal requirements that must be met. An attorney can ensure that all necessary documents are filed correctly and that the sale proceeds smoothly.

Q: How long does the probate process take in Maryland?

A: The length of the probate process in Maryland can vary depending on the complexity of the estate and any disputes that may arise. On average, the process takes between six and nine months, but it can take longer in some cases.


Selling a house in probate in Maryland can be a challenging process, but it is possible with the right knowledge and guidance. By following the steps outlined in this guide and working with an experienced attorney and real estate agent, you can ensure that the sale proceeds smoothly and that the proceeds are distributed to the heirs of the estate in a timely manner.

If you are in need of selling a house in probate in Maryland, DC, Virginia, or any other state and require professional assistance, do not hesitate to contact us at 301-651-4900 or fill out the form below. Our team of experienced real estate agents and attorneys can guide you through the probate process and ensure that the sale of your property proceeds smoothly.

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